Most Serene Republic of San Marino

Serenissima Repubblica di San Marino

Political Status: Independent republic dating from the early Middle Ages; under multiparty parliamentary regime.

Area: 23.6 sq. mi. (61 sq. km.).

Population: 28,753 (2002C); 31,000 (2006E), not including some 13,000 Sammarinese residents abroad.

Major Urban Center (2005E): SAN MARINO (4,800).

Official Language: Italian.

Monetary Unit: Euro (market rate November 2, 2007: 1 euro = $1.45US).

Captains Regent: Alberto SELVA (Popular Alliance) and Mirko TOMASSONI (independent elected on the Socialists and Democrats party list); elected by the Grand and General Council for six-month terms beginning October 1, 2007, replacing Alessandro MANCINI (Party of Socialists and Democrats) and Alessandro ROSSI (United Left).

The Country

An enclave within the Italian province of Emilia-Romagna, San Marino is the world’s oldest and second-smallest republic (after Nauru). Its terrain ...

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