Republic of Montenegro
Republike Crne Gore
Note: In presidential elections held on April 6, 2008, the incumbent president, Filip Vujanović, of the Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro, was reelected with 51.9 percent of votes. His nearest rival, the Serbian People’s Party candidate Andrija Mandić, received 19.5 percent, followed by Movement for Change candidate Nebojsa Medojevic, with 16.6 percent. Turnout was 69 percent.
Political Status: Part of the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes, which was constituted as an independent monarchy on December 1, 1918, and formally renamed Yugoslavia on October 3, 1929; constituent republic of the communist Federal People’s Republic of Yugoslavia instituted November 29, 1945, and then of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia proclaimed April 7, 1963; constituent republic, along with Serbia, of the ...