State of Kuwait

Dawlat al-Kuwayt

Political Status: Constitutional hereditary emirate; independent since June 19, 1961, save for occupation by Iraq from August 2, 1990, to February 26, 1991.

Area: 6,880 sq. mi. (17,818 sq. km.).

Population: 1,575,983 (1995C), including 655,820 Kuwaitis and 920,163 non-Kuwaitis; 3,220,000 (2006E). The 1995 figure is not adjusted for underenumeration.

Major Urban Centers (2005E): KUWAIT CITY (32,000), Salmiya (145,000), Hawalli (107,000).

Official Language: Arabic.

Monetary Unit: Dinar (official rate November 2, 2007: 1 dinar = $0.28US).

Sovereign (Emir): Sheikh Sabah al-Ahmad al-Jabir al-SABAH; inaugurated on January 29, 2006, after unanimous confirmation the same day by the National Assembly, following the abdication on January 24 of Sheikh Saad al-Abdallah al-Salim al-SABAH, who became emir on January 15 upon the death of his cousin, Sheikh Jabir al-Ahmad al-Jabir al-SABAH.

Heir Apparent: ...

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