Note: President Chung Dong-young’s Grand National Party garnered a dramatic majority in legislative elections on April 9, 2008, which attracted 46 percent turnout. Results were as follows: Grand National Party, 153 seats; Uri Party, 81; Liberty Forward [which recently absorbed the People First Party] 18; Pro-Park Alliance, 14; Democratic Labor Party, 5; Creative Korea Party, 3; independents, 25.

Note: In presidential elections on December 19, 2007, Grand National Party candidate Lee Myung-bak secured the presidency, receiving 48.7 percent of the vote, followed by Chung Dong-young of the United New Democratic Party with 26.2 percent, and independent conservative Lee Hoi-chang with 15.1 percent.Turnout was 63 percent, a historic low, but the front runner secured a record margin of victory in returning the presidency to the conservative opposition ...

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