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Honduras

Republic of Honduras
República de Honduras

Political Status: Part of the independent Captaincy General of Guatemala, 1821; member of United Provinces of Central America, 1824–1838; separate republic established 1839; present constitution promulgated January 20, 1982, following a decade of military rule.

Area: 43,277 sq. mi. (112,088 sq. km.).

Population: 6,535,344 (2001C); 7,376,000 (2006E). The 2001 figure does not include an adjustment for underenumeration.

Major Urban Centers (2005E): TEGUCIGALPA (857,000), San Pedro Sula (510,000).

Official Language: Spanish.

Monetary Unit: Lempira (market rate November 2, 2007: 18.90 lempiras = $1US).

President: José Manuel (Mel) ZELAYA Rosales (Liberal Party); elected on November 27, 2005, and inaugurated for a four-year term on January 27, 2006, in succession to Ricardo MADURO Joest (National Party).

First Vice President: Elvin Ernesto SANTOS (Liberal Party); elected with the president on November 27, ...

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