Republic of Haiti

République d’Haïti

Political Status: Independent state proclaimed in 1804; republic since 1859; military-backed regime installed following coup of September 30, 1991; constitutional government reinstated on November 8, 1994.

Area: 10,714 sq. mi. (27,750 sq. km.).

Population: 7,929,048 (2003C); 8,589,000 (2006E). The 2003 figure does not include an adjustment for undernumeration.

Major Urban Centers (2005E): PORT-AU-PRINCE (1,249,000), Carrefour (446,000), Cap-Haïtien (112,000).

Official Languages: French, Creole.

Monetary Unit: Gourde (market rate November 2, 2007: 35.90 gourdes = $1US).

President: René PRÉVAL (Front for Hope); elected on February 7, 2006, and sworn in on May 14, succeeding acting President Boniface ALEXANDRE (Independent).

Prime Minister: Jacques-Édouard ALEXIS (Front for Hope); nominated by the president on May 22, 2006, and sworn in on June 9, succeeding Gérard LATORTUE (Independent).

The Country

The poorest country, on a per capita ...

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