Republic of Guatemala
República de Guatemala
Note: In balloting on November 4, 2007 (at which turnout was less than 50 percent), Álvaro Colom Caballeros of the National Union for Hope (UNE) was elected president with 52.8 percent of the vote over Otto Pérez Molina of the Patriotic Party. Colom and the new vice president, Dr. Rafael Espada (also of the UNE), were scheduled to be inaugurated on January 14, 2008, after which a new cabinet was to be installed.
Political Status: Independent Captaincy General of Guatemala proclaimed 1821; member of United Provinces of Central America, 1824–1838; separate state established 1839; most recent constitution (adopted May 31, 1985, with effect from January 14, 1986) amended by referendum of January 30, 1994.
Area: 42,042 sq. mi. (108,889 sq. km.).
Population: 11,237,196 (2002C); ...