Republic of Cuba
República de Cuba
Political Status: Independent republic founded in 1902; under Marxist-inspired regime established January 1, 1959; designated a Communist system in December 1961; present constitution adopted February 16, 1976.
Area: 42,803 sq. mi. (110,860 sq. km.).
Population: 9,723,605 (1981C); 11,249,000 (2006E).
Major Urban Centers (2005E): HAVANA (2,244,000), Santiago de Cuba (434,000), Camagüey (311,000), Holguín (285,000), Santa Clara (216,000), Guantánamo (215,000).
Official Language: Spanish.
Monetary Unit: Peso (official rate November 2, 2007: approximately 1 pesos = $1.22US). There are two pesos used in Cuba. One, the “regular” peso, is used for state salaries and government goods and services. [Page 324]The “convertible peso” is used by visiting foreigners and by Cubans for most goods and services. It had been pegged at 1.00 convertible peso = $1US for many years until ...