People’s Republic of Bangladesh

Ganaprojatantri Bangladesh

Note: The military-backed government arrested former prime ministers Sheikh Hasina Wajed and Begum Khaleda Zia on July 16 and September 3, 2007, respectively, for corruption. Also, President Iajuddin Ahmed’s term was extended.

Political Status: Independent state proclaimed March 26, 1971; de facto independence achieved December 16, 1971; republican constitution of December 16, 1972, suspended following coup of March 24, 1982, but restored on November 10, 1986; parliamentary system (abandoned in favor of presidential system in January 1975) restored by referendum of September 15, 1991.

Area: 55,598 sq. mi. (143,999 sq. km.).

Population: 129,247,233 (2001C); 146,284,000 (2006E). Both figures include adjustments for underenumeration.

Major Urban Centers (2005E): DHAKA (Dacca, 6,788,000), Chittagong (2,640,000), Khulna (881,000).

Official Language: Bangla (Bengali).

Monetary Unit: Taka (official rate November 2, 2007: 68.65 takas ...

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