Republic of Armenia

Hayastani Hanrapetoutioun

Political Status: Armenian Republic established on November 29, 1920; joined the USSR as part of the Transcaucasian Soviet Socialist Republic on December 30, 1922; became constituent republic of the USSR on December 5, 1936; independence declared September 23, 1991, following national referendum of September 21.

Area: 11,506 sq. mi. (29,800 sq. km.).

Population: 3,210,606 (2001C); 3,198,000 (2004E). The 2001 figure is provisional.

Major Urban Centers (1999E): YEREVAN (1,249,000), Gumayri (formerly Leninakan, 212,000).

Official Language: Armenian.

Monetary Unit: Dram (official rate July 1, 2005: 442.34 drams = $1US).

President: Robert KOCHARIAN (nonparty); assumed office in an acting capacity following the resignation of Levon TER-PETROSIAN (Pan-Armenian National Movement) on February 3, 1998; elected on March 30, 1998, and inaugurated for a five-year term on April 9; reelected in second-round balloting ...

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