Nonaligned Movement (NAM)

Established: In the course of an increasingly structured series of 11 nonaligned conferences, the first of which met at Belgrade, Yugoslavia, September 1–6, 1961, and the most recent at Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, on February 24–25, 2003.

Purpose: To promote a “transition from the old world order based on domination to a new order based on freedom, equality, and social justice and the well-being of all”; to pursue “peace, achievement of disarmament, and settlement of disputes by peaceful means”; to search for “effective and acceptable solutions” to world economic problems, particularly the “disparities in the level of global development”; to support self-determination and independence “for all peoples living under colonial or alien domination and foreign occupation”; to seek “sustainable and environmentally sound development”; to promote “fundamental rights ...

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