Established: By the Arab Maghreb Treaty, signed by the heads of state of the member countries on February 17, 1989, at Marrakesh, Morocco, with effect from July 1, 1989.

Purpose: “To strengthen the bonds of brotherhood which bind the member states and their peoples to each other … to work gradually towards the realization of the freedom of movement of [the member states'] people, goods, services, and capital … to safeguard the independence of every member state … to realize the industrial, agricultural, commercial, and social development of the member states … by setting up joint ventures and preparing general and specialized programs … to initiate cooperation with a view to developing education at various levels, to preserving the spiritual and moral values derived from the ...

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