Established: Charter of the predecessor Organization of African Unity (OAU) adopted at Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, May 25, 1963; Treaty Establishing the African Economic Community (AEC)–the Abuja Treaty–adopted by the OAU heads of state and government at Abuja, Nigeria, on June 3, 1991, and entered into force May 12, 1994; Constitutive Act of the African Union (AU) adopted July 11, 2001, by the OAU heads of state and government at Lomé, Togo, and entered into force May 26, 2001. (The OAU remained in existence during a one-year transitional period ending July 8, 2002; the Abuja Treaty remains a cornerstone of the AU.)

Purpose: To “achieve greater unity and solidarity” among African states; to “accelerate the political and socio-economic integration of the continent”; to “promote and defend African ...

locked icon

Sign in to access this content

Get a 30 day FREE TRIAL

  • Watch videos from a variety of sources bringing classroom topics to life
  • Read modern, diverse business cases
  • Explore hundreds of books and reference titles