Republic of Turkey

Türkiye Cumhuriyeti

Political Status: Independent republic established in 1923; parliamentary democracy since 1946, save for military interregna from May 1960 to October 1961 and September 1980 to November 1983; present constitution approved by referendum of November 7, 1982.

Area: 300,948 sq. mi. (779,452 sq. km.).

Population: 67,803,927 (2000C); 70,420,000 (2004E).

Major Urban Centers (2000C): ANKARA (3,203,362), İstanbul (8,803,460), İzmir (2,232,265), Bursa (1,194,687), Adana (1,130,710).

Official Language: Turkish. A 1982 law banning the use of the Kurdish language was rescinded in early 1991.

Monetary Unit: Turkey New Lira (market rate July 1, 2005: 1.33 Turkey New Liras = $1US).

President of the Republic: Ahmet Necdet SEZER (nonparty); elected by the Grand National Assembly on May 5, 2000, and sworn in for a seven-year term on May 16 to succeed Süleyman DEMİREL ...

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