Republic of Tajikistan

Jumhurii Tojikiston

Political Status: Designated autonomous republic within the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic on October 27, 1924; became constituent republic of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on October 16, 1929; declared independence as Republic of Tajikistan on September 9, 1991; current constitution adopted by referendum on November 6, 1994.

Area: 55,250 sq. mi. (143,100 sq. km.).

Population: 6,127,493 (2000C); 6,295,000 (2004E).

Major Urban Centers (2000C): DUSHANBE (562,000), Khujand (149,000).

Official Language: Tajik, although the 1994 constitution accords Russian the status of a language of communication between nationalities.

Monetary Unit: Somoni (official rate July 1, 2005: 3.11 somoni = $1US.).

President: Imomali RAKHMONOV (Emomali RAHMONOV; originally identified with the Communist Party of Tajikistan, currently a member of the People's Democratic Party of Tajikistan); designated by the Supreme Soviet on November ...

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