Republic of Somaliland

Political Status: Former British Somaliland Protectorate; joined with (Italian) Trust Territory of Somalia on July 1, 1960, to form Somali Republic; announced secession as independent state on May 18, 1991; constitution endorsing independence and providing for multiparty activity approved by national referendum on May 31, 2001.

Area: 68,000 sq. mi. (176,120 sq. km.).

Population: 4,900,000 (2004E).

Major Urban Centers (1984E): HARGEISA (90,000), Berbera (83,000).

Principal Language: Somali.

Monetary Unit: Somaliland Shilling, which became Somaliland's sole legal tender on January 31, 1995, with an initial value of 100 Somali shillings. Due to the lack of international recognition of Somaliland's self-declared independent status, the exchange value of the shilling is not reported in regular currency listings. However, in March 2005 the official rate was reported to be approximately 6,100 shillings ...

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