Most Serene Republic of San Marino

Serenissima Repubblica di San Marino

Political Status: Independent republic dating from the early Middle Ages; under multiparty parliamentary regime.

Area: 23.6 sq. mi. (61 sq. km.).

Population: 28,753 (2002C); 30,000 (2004E), not including some 13,000 Sanmarinese resident abroad.

Major Urban Center (2001E): SAN MARINO (4,500).

Official Language: Italian.

Monetary Unit: Euro (market rate July 1, 2005: 1 euro = $1.21US).

Captains Regent: Cesare Antonio GASPERONI (San Marino Christian Democratic Party) and Fausta Simona MORGANTI (Party of Democrats); elected by the Grand and General Council for six-month terms beginning April 1, 2005, in succession to Giuseppe ARZILI (San Marino Christian Democratic Party) and Roberto RASCHI (San Marino Socialist Party).

The Country

An enclave within the Italian province of Emilia-Romagna, San Marino is the world's oldest and second-smallest republic (after Nauru). ...

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