Independent State of Samoa

Sa‘oloto Tuto‘atasi o Samoa

Political Status: Independent state since January 1, 1962; member of the Commonwealth since 1970; under mixed political system approximating a constitutional monarchy.

Area: 1,097 sq. mi. (2,842 sq. km.).

Population: 176,848 (2001C); 182,000 (2004E).

Major Urban Center (1991C): APIA (34,126).

Official Language: English, Samoan.

Monetary Unit: Tala (official rate July 1, 2005: 2.57 tala = $1US).

Head of State: Susuga Malietoa TANUMAFILI II; assumed office as Joint Head of State for Life on January 1, 1962, becoming sole Head of State on the death of his associate, Tupua Tamasese MEAOLE, on April 5, 1963.

Prime Minister: Tuila'epa Sailele MALIELEGAOI (Human Rights Protection Party); confirmed by the Legislative Assembly on November 23, 1998, following the resignation of Tofilau Eti ALESANA (Human Rights Protection Party); continued in ...

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