Republic of Moldova

Republicii Moldova

Political Status: Formerly the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic, a constituent republic of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics; declared independence as the Republic of Moldova on August 27, 1991; became sovereign member of the Commonwealth of Independent States on December 21, 1991; new constitution approved on July 28, 1994, and entered into force on August 27.

Area: 13,000 sq. mi. (33,670 sq. km.).

Population: 4,200,000 (2003E); 3,602,000 (2004E).

Major Urban Centers (1992E): CHIŞINĂU (formerly Kishinev, 667,100), Tiraspol (186,200), Bălţi (159,000).

Official Language: Moldovan.

Monetary Unit: Moldovan leu (official rate July 1, 2005: 12.53 lei = $1US).

President: Vladimir VORONIN (Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova); elected by the Parliament on April 4, 2001 and reelected on April 4, 2005, succeeding Petru LUCINSCHI (nonparty).

Prime Minister: Vasile TARLEV ...

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