Republic of Guinea

République de Guinée

Political Status: Independent republic since October 2, 1958; under one-party presidential regime until military coup of April 3, 1984; multiparty constitution approved by referendum of December 23, 1990, providing for five-year transition to civilian government.

Area: 94,925 sq. mi. (245,857 sq. km.).

Population: 7,164,823 (1996C); 7,879,000 (2004E). Both figures include refugees from Liberia and Sierra Leone, estimated at 640,000 in 1996.

Major Urban Centers (1996C): CONAKRY (1,091,000), Kindia (288,000), N'Zérékoré (283,000).

Official Language: French, pending adoption of Soussou or Malinké. (Six other tribal languages are also spoken.)

Monetary Unit: Guinea Franc (market rate July 1, 2005: 3,729 francs = $1US).

President of the Republic: Gen. Lansana CONTE (Party of Unity and Progress); named President by the Military Committee for National Recovery (CMRN) on April 5, 1984, following ...

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