Republic of Finland

Suomen Tasavalta (Finnish)

Republiken Finland (Swedish)

Political Status: Independent since December 6, 1917; republic established July 17, 1919, under presidential-parliamentary system.

Area: 130,119 sq. mi. (337,009 sq. km.).

Population: 5,181,115 (2000C); 5,269,000 (2004E).

Major Urban Centers (2002E): HELSINKI (563,000), Espoo (218,000), Tampere (199,000), Turku (174,000).

Official Languages: Finnish, Swedish.

Monetary Unit: Euro (market rate July 1, 2005: 1 euro = $1.21US).

President: Tarja HALONEN (Finnish Social Democratic Party); elected in second-round balloting on February 6, 2000, and inaugurated for a six-year term on March 1 to succeed Martti AHTISAARI (Finnish Social Democratic Party).

Prime Minister: Matti VANHANEN (Finnish Center); designated by the President on June 24, 2003, following the legislative election earlier that day; sworn in on June 24, 2003, as part of a three-party coalition government replacing Anneli JÄÄTTEENMÄKI (Finnish Center), ...

locked icon

Sign in to access this content

Get a 30 day FREE TRIAL

  • Watch videos from a variety of sources bringing classroom topics to life
  • Read modern, diverse business cases
  • Explore hundreds of books and reference titles