Republic of Estonia

Eesti Vabariik

Political Status: Absorption of independent state by the Soviet Union on August 6, 1940, repudiated by Estonian Supreme Council on March 30, 1990; resumption of full sovereignty declared August 20, 1991, and accepted by USSR State Council on September 6; present constitution approved in referendum of June 28, 1992.

Area: 17,462 sq. mi. (45,227 sq. km.).

Population: 1,370,000 (2000C); 1,351,000 (2004E).

Major Urban Centers (2000C): TALLINN (399,850), Tartu (101,240), Narva (68,538).

Official Language: Estonian.

Monetary Unit: Kroon (official rate July 1, 2005: 12.91 krooni = $1US). Pegged at one-eighth of a Deutsche mark, the kroon was introduced on June 20, 1992.

President: Arnold RÜÜTEL (People's Union of Estonia); elected by electoral college vote on September 21, 2001, and sworn in for a five-year term on October 8, succeeding ...

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