Federative Republic of Brazil

República Federativa do Brasil

Political Status: Independent monarchy proclaimed 1822; republic established 1889; current constitution promulgated October 5, 1988.

Area: 3,286,470 sq. mi. (8,511,965 sq. km.).

Population: 169,799,170 (2000C); 179,148,000 (2004E).

Major Urban Centers (2000C): BRASILIA (federal district, 2,043,169), São Paulo (9,785,640), Rio de Janeiro (5,580,544), Salvador (2,439,881), Belo Horizonte (2,229,697), Recife (1,421,947), Pôrto Alegre (1,320,069), Belém (1,271,615).

Official Language: Portuguese.

Monetary Unit: Real (market rate July 1, 2005: 2.33 reals = $1US).

President: Luiz Inácio (“Lula”) DA SILVA (Workers' Party); elected in runoff of October 27, 2002, and inaugurated on January 1, 2003, for a four-year term, succeeding Fernando Henrique CARDOSO (Brazilian Social Democratic Party).

Vice President: José ALENCAR (Liberal Party); elected in runoff of October 27, 2002, and inaugurated on January 1, 2003, for a term concurrent ...

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