- Countries A-Z
Republic of SomalilandJamhuuriyada Soomaaliland
Political Status: Former British Somaliland Protectorate; joined with (Italian) Trust Territory of Somalia on July 1, 1960, to form Somali Republic; announced secession as independent state on May 18, 1991; constitution endorsing independence and providing for multiparty activity approved by national referendum on May 31, 2001.
Area: 68,000 sq. mi. (176,120 sq. km).
Population: 3,912,407 (2014E).
[Page 1331]Major Urban Centers (2012E): HARGEISA (850,000), Berbera (45,000).
Principal Language: Somali.
Monetary Unit: Somaliland shilling, which became Somaliland’s sole legal tender on January 31, 1995, with an initial value of 100 Somali shillings = $1US. Due to the lack of international recognition of Somaliland’s self-declared independent status, the exchange value of the shilling is not reported in regular currency listings. However, it reportedly has averaged 6,500–7,000 Somaliland shillings = $1US.