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Republic of SenegalRépublique du Sénégal
Political Status: Former French dependency, independent since August 20, 1960; presidential system established under constitution promulgated March 7, 1963; Senegalese-Gambian Confederation of Senegambia, formed with effect from February 1, 1982, dissolved as of September 30, 1989.
Area: 75,750 sq. mi. (196,192 sq. km).
Population: 14,563,800 (2014E—UN); 13,635,927 (2014—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Center (2011E—UN): DAKAR (3,035,000).
Official Language: French.
Monetary Unit: CFA Franc (official rate October 1, 2014: 520.29 francs = $1US). The CFA franc, previously pegged to the French franc, is now permanently pegged to the euro at 655.957 francs = 1 euro.
President: Macky SALL (APR-Yakaar); elected in second-round balloting on March 18, 2012, and inaugurated for a seven-year term on April 2 in succession to Abdoulaye WADE (Senegalese Democratic Party).
Prime Minister: Mohamed Abdallah DIONE (Independent); ...