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Republic of the PhilippinesRepublika ng Pilipinas
Political Status: Independent republic since July 4, 1946; currently under constitution adopted by referendum of February 2, 1987, effective from February 11.
Area: 115,830 sq. mi. (300,000 sq. km).
Population: 100,254,920 (2014E—UN); 107,668,231 (2014E—U.S. Census).
[Page 1156]Major Urban Centers (2011E—UN): MANILA (de facto capital, 1,660,714), QUEZON CITY (designated capital, 2,679,450), Caloocan City (1,381,610), Davao (1,366,153), Cebu (799,762).
Official Languages: Filipino and English.
Monetary Unit: Philippine Peso (market rate October 1, 2014: 44.81 pesos = $1US).
President: Benigno S. AQUINO III (Liberal Party); popularly elected on May 10, 2010, and inaugurated on June 30 for a six-year term; succeeding Gloria MACAPAGAL-ARROYO (Lakas Kampi Christian Muslim Democrats).
Vice President: Jejomar C. BINAY (Filipino Democratic Party–Laban); elected for a six-year term on May 10, 2010, and sworn in on June ...