Nicaragua

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  • Republic of Nicaragua
    República de Nicaragua

    Political Status: Independence originally proclaimed 1821; separate republic established 1838; provisional junta installed July 19, 1979; present constitution adopted November 19, 1986, in effect from January 9, 1987.

    Area: 50,193 sq. mi. (130,000 sq. km).

    Population: 6,080,478 (2014E—UN); 5,848,641 (2014E—U.S. Census).

    Major Urban Center (2012E): MANAGUA (1,028,808).

    Official Language: Spanish.

    Monetary Unit: Córdoba Oro (principal rate October 1, 2014: 26.27 córdobas = $1US).

    President: José Daniel ORTEGA Saavedra (Sandinista National Liberation Front); served as president 1985–1990; reelected on November 5, 2006, and inaugurated for a five-year term on January 10, 2007, succeeding Enrique BOLAÑOS Geyer (Grand Liberal Union); reelected on November 6, 2011, and inaugurated on January 10, 2012, for an unprecedented third term.

    Vice President: Omar HALLESLEVENS Acevedo (Sandinista National Liberation Front); elected on November 6, 2011, ...

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