- Countries A-Z
Republic of NicaraguaRepública de Nicaragua
Political Status: Independence originally proclaimed 1821; separate republic established 1838; provisional junta installed July 19, 1979; present constitution adopted November 19, 1986, in effect from January 9, 1987.
Area: 50,193 sq. mi. (130,000 sq. km).
Population: 6,080,478 (2014E—UN); 5,848,641 (2014E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Center (2012E): MANAGUA (1,028,808).
Official Language: Spanish.
Monetary Unit: Córdoba Oro (principal rate October 1, 2014: 26.27 córdobas = $1US).
President: José Daniel ORTEGA Saavedra (Sandinista National Liberation Front); served as president 1985–1990; reelected on November 5, 2006, and inaugurated for a five-year term on January 10, 2007, succeeding Enrique BOLAÑOS Geyer (Grand Liberal Union); reelected on November 6, 2011, and inaugurated on January 10, 2012, for an unprecedented third term.
Vice President: Omar HALLESLEVENS Acevedo (Sandinista National Liberation Front); elected on November 6, 2011, ...