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Kingdom of Moroccoal-Mamlakat al-Maghribiyah
Political Status: Independent since March 2, 1956; constitutional monarchy established in 1962; present constitution approved by referendum on July 1, 2011.
Area: 274,461 sq. mi. (710,850 sq. km), including approximately 97,343 sq. mi. (252,120 sq. km) of Western Sahara, two-thirds of which was annexed in February 1976 and the remaining one-third claimed upon Mauritanian withdrawal in August 1979.
Population: 33,492,400 (2014E—UN); 32,987,206 (2014E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (2011E—UN): RABAT/SALE (1,843,000), Casablanca (2,995,000), Fez (1,026,000), Marrakesh (1,126,000), and Oujda (489,000).
Official Languages: Arabic and Tamazight.
Monetary Unit: Dirham (official rate October 1, 2014: 8.78 dirhams = $1US).
Sovereign: King MOHAMED VI became king on July 23, 1999, following the death of his father, HASSAN II.
Heir to the Throne: Crown Prince MOULAY HASSAN.
Prime Minister: Abdelillah BENKIRANE (PJD), appointed on November ...