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Political Status: Independent since 1921; Communist People’s Republic established November 26, 1924; multi-party system introduced by constitutional amendment of May 11, 1990; current constitution adopted January 13, 1992, in effect from February 12.
Area: 604,247 sq. mi. (1,565,000 sq. km).
Population: 2,949,462 (2014E—UN); 2,953,190 (2014E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (2010C): ULAANBAATAR (Ulan Bator, 1,089,358), Erdenet (83,379), Darkhan (74,738).
Monetary Unit: Tugrik (market rate October 1, 2014: 1,835.02 tugriks = $1US).
Official Language: Khalkha Mongol.
President: Tsakhiagiyn ELBEGDORJ (Democratic Party), popularly elected for a four-year term on May 24, 2009, and sworn in on June 18, succeeding Nambaryn ENKHBAYAR (Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party); reelected on June 26, 2013.
Prime Minister (acting): Dendev TERBISHDAGYA (Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party), became prime minister on November 5, 2014 (see Current issues), after parliament dismissed Norovyn ALTANKHUYAG ...