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Republic of Malawi
Political Status: Independent member of the Commonwealth since 1964; republic under one-party presidential rule established July 6, 1966; constitution amended on June 22, 1993, to provide for multiparty activity following national referendum of June 15; new constitution enacted provisionally as of May 16, 1994, and adopted permanently (as amended) on May 18, 1995.
Area: 45,747 sq. mi. (118,484 sq. km).
Population: 17,282,973 (2014E—UN); 17,241,754 (2014E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (2011E—UN): LILONGWE (669,021), Blantyre (661,444), Mzuzu (107,345).
Official Language: English. (Chichewa is classified as a national language.)
Monetary Unit: Kwacha (market rate October 1, 2014: 398.80 kwacha = $1US).
[Page 896]President: Peter MUTHARIKA (Democratic Progressive Party); popularly elected on May 20, 2014, and sworn in on May 31 to succeed Joyce BANDA (People’s Party).
Vice President: Saulos CHILIMA (Democratic Progressive Party); ...