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  • Chosŏn

    Political Status: Politically divided; Democratic People’s Republic of Korea under Communist regime established September 9, 1948; Republic of Korea under anti-Communist republican regime established August 15, 1948.


    Korea is a mountainous peninsula projecting southeastward from Manchuria between China and Japan. Whether viewed in terms of race, culture, or language, the population is extremely homogeneous. The literacy rate is more than 90 percent. For further details see the separate discussions of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and the Republic of Korea, which follow.


    A semi-independent state associated with China from the seventh century A.D., Korea was annexed by Japan in 1910 and tightly controlled by Tokyo until Japan’s defeat in World War II. The northern half of Korea was integrated with the Japanese industrial complex ...

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