- Countries A-Z
Republic of IndonesiaRepublik Indonesia
Political Status: Independent republic established August 17, 1945; original constitution reinstated by presidential decree in 1959; under modified military regime from March 12, 1966, until democratic multiparty system reestablished following change of government on May 21, 1998.
Area: 735,354 sq. mi. (1,904,569 sq. km).
Population: 252,874,251 (2014E—UN); 253,609,643 (2014E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (2010E): JAKARTA (9,607,787), Surabaya (2,765,487), Bandung (2,394,873), Medan (2,097,610), Tangerang (1,798,601), Semarang (1,555,984), Palembang (1,455,284), Ujung Pandang (formerly Makassar, 1,338,633), Padang (833,562), Malang (820,243), Yogyakarta (388,627).
Official Language: Bahasa Indonesia (a form of Malay).
Monetary Unit: Rupiah (market rate October 1, 2014: 12,123.81 rupiahs = $1US).
President: Joko WIDODO (Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle), elected on July 9, 2014, and inaugurated on October 20 for a five-year term, succeeding Susilo Bambang YUDHOYONO (Democrat Party), president ...