- Countries A-Z
Republic of GuatemalaRepública de Guatemala
Political Status: Independent Captaincy General of Guatemala proclaimed 1821; member of United Provinces of Central America, 1824–1838; separate state established 1839; most recent constitution (adopted May 31, 1985, with effect from January 14, 1986) amended by referendum of January 30, 1994.
Area: 42,042 sq. mi. (108,889 sq. km).
Population: 15,837,063 (2014E—UN); 14,647,083 (2014E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (2005E): GUATEMALA CITY (991,000), Mixco (307,000), Villa Nueva (237,901), Quetzaltenango (114,000), Escuintla (72,000).
Official Language: Spanish.
Monetary Unit: Quetzal (market rate October 1, 2014: 7.66 quetzales = $1US). Since May 1, 2001, foreign currencies have been permitted to circulate and may be used in business transactions.
President: Otto PÉREZ Molina (Patriotic Party); elected in runoff election on November 6, 2011, and sworn in for a four-year term on January 13, ...