- Countries A-Z
Republic of El SalvadorRepública de El Salvador
Political Status: Part of the Captaincy General of Guatemala that declared independence from Spain in September 1821; member of the United Provinces of Central America that was launched in 1823; status [Page 441]as independent political entity formalized in constitution of 1841; the Republic of El Salvador formally established in constitution of 1859; constitution of 1962 suspended following the military coup of October 15, 1979; provisional government superseded following promulgation of new constitution on December 20, 1983; peace treaty with Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (FMLN) guerrillas (effective February 1) signed January 16, 1992.
Area: 8,124 sq. mi. (21,041 sq. km).
Population: 6,340,454 (2014E—UN); 6,125,512 (2014E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (2011E): SAN SALVADOR (567,698), Soyapango (329,704), Mejicanos (224,661), San Miguel (183,733), Santa Ana ...