- Countries A-Z
Political Status: Independent Czechoslovak Republic proclaimed in 1918; People’s Republic of Czechoslovakia established June 9, 1948; redesignated Czechoslovak Socialist Republic on July 11, 1960; renamed Czech and Slovak Federative Republic on April 21, 1990; present Czech Republic proclaimed upon separation of the constituent components of the federation on January 1, 1993.
Area: 30,450 sq. mi. (78,864 sq. km).
Population: 10,540,758 (2014E—UN); 10,627,448 (2014E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (2011E): PRAGUE (1,268,796), Brno (385,913), Ostrava (296,224), Plzeň (170,322).
Official Language: Czech.
Monetary Unit: Koruna (market rate October 1, 2014: 21.81 koruny = $1US).
President: Miloš ZEMAN (Party of Civic Rights—Zemanovci); elected by the people in the second round of balloting on January 26, 2013, and sworn in for a five-year term on March 8 to replace Václav KLAUS (Civic Democratic Party), who ...