Cyprus: Turkish Sector

Edited by: Tom Lansford

In: Political Handbook of the World 2015

Cyprus: Turkish Sector

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  • Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
    Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti

    Political Status: Autonomous federal state proclaimed February 13, 1975; independent republic (thus far recognized only by Turkey) declared November 15, 1983; TRNC constitution approved by referendum of May 6, 1985.

    Area: Approximately 1,400 sq. mi. (3,626 sq. km).

    Population: 294,906 (2011C), Turkish Cypriot census, which includes nonindigenous settlers (more than half of the total).

    Major Urban Centers (2005E): LEFKOŞA (Turkish-occupied portion of Nicosia, 42,200), Gazi Mağusa (Famagusta, 37,100).

    Principal Language: Turkish.

    Monetary Unit: Turkish Lira (market rate October 1, 2014: 2.28 Turkish liras = $1US). Use of the Cyprus pound as an alternative unit of exchange was terminated on May 16, 1983.

    President: Derviş EROĞLU (National Unity Party); elected in first round of popular balloting on April 18, 2010, and inaugurated April 23 for ...

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