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Republic of ColombiaRepública de Colombia
Political Status: Independent Gran Colombia proclaimed 1819; separate state of New Granada established 1831; republican constitution adopted 1886; bipartisan National Front regime instituted in 1958 but substantially terminated in 1974; current constitution promulgated July 5, 1991.
Area: 439,734 sq. mi. (1,138,914 sq. km).
Population: 48,321,405 (2014E—UN); 46,245,297 (2014E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (urban areas, 2013E): SANTAFÉ DE BOGOTÁ (formerly Bogotá, 10,763,453), Medellín (3,731,447), Cali (2,392,877), Barranquilla (1,212,943), Cartagena (952,024).
Official Language: Spanish.
Monetary Unit: Peso (principal rate October 1, 2014: 2021.50 pesos = $1US).
President: Juan Manuel SANTOS Calderón (Social Party of National Unity); reelected in run off balloting on June 15, 2014, elected in runoff balloting on June 20, 2010, succeeding Álvaro URIBE Vélez (independent).
Vice President: German Vargas LLERA (Radical Change); elected in runoff balloting on ...