- Countries A-Z
Republic of BurundiRepublika y’u Burundi (Kirundi)République du Burundi (French)
Political Status: Independent state since July 1, 1962; military control imposed November 28, 1966; one-party constitution adopted by referendum of November 18, 1981; military control reimposed following coup of September 3, 1987; multiparty constitution adopted March 13, 1992, following referendum of March 9; military rule reimposed following coup of July 25, 1996; transitional constitution signed into law [Page 212]June 6, 1998; new transitional constitution providing for a three-year transitional period adopted October 27, 2001; new constitution (institutionalizing Hutu/Tutsi power sharing) approved by national referendum on February 28, 2005; transitional period concluded with local and national elections in June–September 2005.
Area: 10,747 sq. mi. (27,834 sq. km).
Population: 10,456,544 (2014E—UN); 10,395,931 (2014E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Center (2005E): BUJUMBURA (407,000).
Official Languages: Kirundi, ...