Bolivia

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  • Plurinational State of Bolivia
    Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia

    Political Status: Independent republic proclaimed 1825; civilian government reestablished in October 1982 after virtually constant military rule since September 1969; present constitution promulgated on February 7, 2009.

    Area: 424,162 sq. mi. (1,098,581 sq. km).

    Population: 10,671,200 (2013E—UN); 10,631,486 (2014E—U.S. Census).

    Major Urban Centers (2008): LA PAZ (administrative capital, 877,363), Sucre (judicial capital, 307,000), Santa Cruz (1,719,100), Cochabamba (900,414), Oruro (264,683).

    Official Languages: Spanish, Aymará, Quechua (Aymará and Quechua were adopted as official languages in 1977).

    Monetary Unit: Boliviano (market rate October 1, 2014: 6.91 bolivianos = $1US).

    President: Juan Evo MORALES Ayma (Movement to Socialism); elected December 18, 2005, and inaugurated January 22, 2006, for a five-year term, succeeding Interim President Eduardo RODRÍGUEZ Veltsé (Nonparty); reelected December 6, 2009, in early elections after a constitutional ...

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