Includes many new case studies (called Policy and Practice Boxes). The data and scholarship has been thoroughly revised throughout. Major revisions to Chapter 8 include new sections on Authentic Leadership and the Lean Six Sigma management model.

Finance and Budget

Chapter 10 Finance and budget

According to local government officials, there are few problems that could not be solved, or at least made much easier to handle, if more money were available to local governments. In fact, no other issue dominates the agenda for a city as money does. Events in the new millennium have made financial problems in cities worse. First, the effects of the September 11, 2001, attacks increased the obligations and costs to cities to provide public safety. Heightened concerns about domestic terrorism forced cities to spend significantly more in the areas of public safety and transportation services. The major recession that began in late 2007 also adversely affected cities, leading to reduced revenues, public employee layoffs, difficulties securing ...

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