Includes many new case studies (called Policy and Practice Boxes). The data and scholarship has been thoroughly revised throughout. Major revisions to Chapter 8 include new sections on Authentic Leadership and the Lean Six Sigma management model.

Urban Planning and Development

Chapter 5 urban planning and Development

More than a century has passed since town planners, social scientists, and city engineers recognized the need for cities to follow a plan. Prior to the mid- to late-1800s, the infrastructure of most American cities, big and small, was not well developed. Once focused almost exclusively on the physical development of cities, twenty-first century urban planners develop a comprehensive approach to planning that incorporates physical, social, economic, sustainability, and services management in cities and metropolitan areas. Recognizing the importance of urban planning, however, does not mean that urban areas and their government officials do it well. Urban encroachment, highway congestion, sprawling subdivision and exurban development, inadequate transit design, and environmental degradation are just a few ...

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