• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

A manual offering information on the most important laws and treaties approved by Congress in more than 200 years since the first session in 1789. Each Congress is covered in a separate chapter introduced by a historical essay setting the actions of the legislators in the context of their times.

Ninety-Sixth Congress: January 3, 1979, to January 3, 1981
Ninety-sixth Congress: January 3, 1979, to January 3, 1981
  • First session—January 15, 1979, to January 3, 1980
  • Second session—January 3, 1980, to December 16, 1980
  • (Administration of Jimmy Carter, 1977–1981)
Historical Background

The United States faced growing domestic and international challenges, including runaway inflation, rising interest rates, economic stagnation, and increasing instability in the Middle East.

In January 1979, Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi of Iran, America's longtime ally, was deposed in a fundamentalist Islamic revolution. In November 1979, Iranian militants seized the U.S. Embassy in Tehran and took sixty-six American diplomatic personnel and visitors hostage, demanding that the shah, then in the United States for medical reasons, be returned to Iran to stand trial. In response, President Jimmy Carter banned all imports ...

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