• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

A manual offering information on the most important laws and treaties approved by Congress in more than 200 years since the first session in 1789. Each Congress is covered in a separate chapter introduced by a historical essay setting the actions of the legislators in the context of their times.

Ninety-First Congress: January 3, 1969, to January 3, 1971
Ninety-first Congress: January 3, 1969, to January 3, 1971
  • First session—January 3, 1969, to December 23, 1969
  • Second session—January 19, 1970, to January 2, 1971
  • (First administration of Richard M. Nixon, 1969–1973)
Historical Background

Despite Lyndon B. Johnson's exit from the White House, the nation remained deeply conflicted over the Vietnam War. In the autumn of 1969, after a quarter-million antiwar demonstrators had descended upon Washington, D.C., President Richard M. Nixon announced a gradual withdrawal of American troops in Vietnam. Nixon, who had promised voters a “secret plan” to end the war, continued the Johnson policies of gradual reduction in U.S. troop levels and pursued peace negotiations with the Vietcong and North Vietnam. The centerpiece of his policy was “Vietnamization,” a ...

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