• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

A manual offering information on the most important laws and treaties approved by Congress in more than 200 years since the first session in 1789. Each Congress is covered in a separate chapter introduced by a historical essay setting the actions of the legislators in the context of their times.

Eighty-Third Congress: January 3, 1953, to January 3, 1955
Eighty-third Congress: January 3, 1953, to January 3, 1955
  • First session—January 3, 1953, to August 3, 1953
  • Second session—January 6, 1954, to December 2, 1954
  • (First administration of Dwight D. Eisenhower, 1953–1957)
Historical Background

During his first year as president, Dwight D. Eisenhower presented ten executive branch reorganization plans to Congress. Eisenhower's first plan, calling for the creation of a Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, became effective early in April 1953, after both houses of Congress passed a joint resolution of approval. Each of his other plans went into effect after resolutions to disapprove the plans were defeated. Three plans reorganized executive departments or agencies (the Department of Agriculture, the Department of Defense, and the Export-Import Bank); three others established ...

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