• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

A manual offering information on the most important laws and treaties approved by Congress in more than 200 years since the first session in 1789. Each Congress is covered in a separate chapter introduced by a historical essay setting the actions of the legislators in the context of their times.

Seventy-Eighth Congress: January 3, 1943, to January 3, 1945
Seventy-eighth Congress: January 3, 1943, to January 3, 1945
  • First session—January 6, 1943, to December 21, 1943
  • Second session—January 10, 1944, to December 19, 1944
  • (Third administration of Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1941–1945)
Historical Background

By the time the Seventy-eighth Congress adjourned sine die on December 19, 1944, the end of the war was in sight. In Europe, after crushing Axis resistance in Tunisia, the Allies invaded and conquered Sicily in August 1943. The invasion of the Italian mainland at Salerno, near Naples, in September led to the surrender of the Italian government, which had deposed Fascist premier Benito Mussolini. From there the Allies made slow progress up the Italian peninsula against German opposition.

On the Eastern Front, German attempts to return to ...

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