• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

A manual offering information on the most important laws and treaties approved by Congress in more than 200 years since the first session in 1789. Each Congress is covered in a separate chapter introduced by a historical essay setting the actions of the legislators in the context of their times.

Seventy-Seventh Congress: January 3, 1941, to January 3, 1943
Seventy-seventh Congress: January 3, 1941, to January 3, 1943
  • First session—January 3, 1941, to January 2, 1942
  • Second session—January 5, 1942, to December 16, 1942
  • (Third administration of Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1941–1945)
Historical Background

In his eighth State of the Union address, President Franklin D. Roosevelt asked Congress for the power to sell, exchange, lend, or lease war equipment to any nation whose defense he considered vital to the defense of the United States. He also emphasized the need for a rapid reorientation of America's industrial base toward armaments production. The ultimate defeat of the Axis nations, Roosevelt stressed, would constitute a victory for the Four Freedoms characterized as underlying the American political system—freedom of speech, freedom of religion, freedom from ...

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