• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

A manual offering information on the most important laws and treaties approved by Congress in more than 200 years since the first session in 1789. Each Congress is covered in a separate chapter introduced by a historical essay setting the actions of the legislators in the context of their times.

Seventy-Fourth Congress: January 3, 1935, to January 3, 1937
Seventy-fourth Congress: January 3, 1935, to January 3, 1937
  • First session—January 3, 1935, to August 26, 1935
  • Second session—January 3, 1936, to June 20, 1936
  • (First administration of Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1933–1937)
Historical Background

Despite two years of unprecedented federal spending, when the Seventy-fourth Congress convened in January 1935, 20 percent of the nation's work force remained unemployed. President Franklin D. Roosevelt told Congress in his annual message that together they could “eliminate many of the factors that cause economic Depression” and could “provide the means for mitigating their result.” To achieve this goal, Roosevelt proposed a legislative program of social reform, much of which was embodied in the Social Security Act.

While differences between House and Senate versions of the Social ...

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