• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

A manual offering information on the most important laws and treaties approved by Congress in more than 200 years since the first session in 1789. Each Congress is covered in a separate chapter introduced by a historical essay setting the actions of the legislators in the context of their times.

Seventh Congress: March 4, 1801, to March 3, 1803
Seventh Congress: March 4, 1801, to March 3, 1803
  • First session—December 7, 1801, to May 3, 1802
  • Second session—December 6, 1802, to March 3, 1803
  • Special session of the Senate—March 4, 1801, to March 5, 1801
  • (First administration of Thomas Jefferson, 1801–1805)
Historical Background

Thomas Jefferson's election as president set an important precedent in the life of the new government of the United States: the orderly and constitutional transfer of power from one party to another without a bitter struggle. This was accomplished notwithstanding controversy and the politically charged atmosphere surrounding the electoral college misfire that led to Jefferson's election by the House of Representatives.

Jefferson's inaugural ceremony, the first in the new federal city of Washington, D.C., was conducted in the recently ...

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