• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

A manual offering information on the most important laws and treaties approved by Congress in more than 200 years since the first session in 1789. Each Congress is covered in a separate chapter introduced by a historical essay setting the actions of the legislators in the context of their times.

Sixty-First Congress: March 4, 1909, to March 3, 1911
Sixty-first Congress: March 4, 1909, to March 3, 1911
  • First session—March 15, 1909, to August 5, 1909
  • Second session—December 6, 1909, to June 25, 1910
  • Third session—December 5, 1910, to March 3, 1911
  • Special session of the Senate—March 4, 1909, to March 6, 1909
  • (Administration of William Howard Taft, 1909–1913)
Historical Background

Within hours of his inauguration as the twenty-seventh U.S. president, William Howard Taft acted on one of his principal campaign themes and called Congress into special session (considered the first session) to make a “sizeable reduction” in tariffs. The House quickly approved a tariff bill containing moderate rate reductions. When the debate shifted to the Senate, however, 847 amendments were appended (almost all calling for higher tariffs) before agreement was finally ...

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