• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

A manual offering information on the most important laws and treaties approved by Congress in more than 200 years since the first session in 1789. Each Congress is covered in a separate chapter introduced by a historical essay setting the actions of the legislators in the context of their times.

Sixth Congress: March 4, 1799, to March 3, 1801
Sixth Congress: March 4, 1799, to March 3, 1801
  • First session—December 2, 1799, to May 14, 1800
  • Second session—November 17, 1800, to March 3, 1801
  • (Administration of John Adams, 1797–1801)
Historical Background

Unstable economic conditions and widespread speculation prompted Congress to enact the first state bankruptcy law in April 1800. A month later, responding to rapid increases in settlement, Congress divided the Northwest Territory, with the western part of the region becoming the Territory of Indiana. Congress also provided for the federal government's permanent relocation to Washington, D.C., and the purchase of books for a congressional library (the Library of Congress).

John Adams's final two years in office were marked by growing antagonism between the Federalists and the Jeffersonian Republicans. The president ...

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